Sascha* was 16 when he was kicked out of home by his mother and stepfather who did not agree with his trans identity and were challenged by his behaviour.

Their rejection and relentless transphobic abuse compounded Sascha’s body dysmorphia and poor mental health which led to self-harm and drug misuse.

The 17-year-old, who has Autism, was alternating between sleeping in a car and couch-surfing at a mate’s house when he presented in crisis to Centacare’s Outer North Youth Homelessness Service (ONYHS) last month.

Sascha is among a growing number of trans young people reaching out to the service after falling into homelessness on the back of family breakdown and other complexities including  intellectual disability.

ONYHS Manager Tracy Ingram says trans and gender-diverse adolescents are a fast-emerging cohort in the homelessness sector, with the number of presentations at Centacare increasing in the past two years. Currently, the ONYHS is supporting five trans young people.

“It shows us that the young people trust us, and that they know there is someone out there who can help,’’ Tracy said.

The increase in the number of at-risk teens engaging with specialist support services is a step forward, Tracy adds.

Australia lags other countries in developing research, policy and best practice regarding LGBTIQ+ homelessness.

“Trans young people are more likely to want to leave home, or be asked to leave home, because their family is not accepting of them wanting to change or of them being different,’’ Tracy said.

“But the same cohort is often the most reluctant to ask for help because they don’t know who we are or whether services will be accepting of them.

“We are on a steep learning curve. The youth sector is aware and is wanting to make sure we do not exclude these young people, and we are stepping up to try and do what we can.

“This requires all of us to look at how we traditionally operate services, and how we can change those responses to be more inclusive.’’

Tracy highlights Carlow Place at Elizabeth, which provides emergency and 24-hour supported accommodation for eight young people aged 15 to 18 years who are homeless or at risk of homelessness.

Previously, the site’s two houses were split between each sex. Centacare overhauled this a year ago when it renamed the houses after local streets, scrapped the gender divide, and changed signage, imagery and language to reinforce Carlow is a safe and inclusive environment.

“It is more about understanding who the young person is and how they are presenting, and how we will work with them,’’ Tracy said “as opposed to only accepting a male because there’s a vacancy in the male house’’.

“Now, if there is a room available, it’s about who will fit best in the house, not because of how they identify.’’

That includes balancing client safety concerns, said Victoria Markovic, ONYHS Adolescent Specialist Case Manager.

“We are learning about how to best support trans young people and how to be inclusive, but also how to balance other client concerns around safety,’’ she said.

“Some people might feel that to even suggest someone might feel unsafe around someone who’s trans is not being inclusive, but it is just acknowledging that some young people might have hesitations or fear due to their own trauma stories, and you have to keep that in mind if you are looking at safety across the board.

“We never want to put anyone in a housing situation who may be bullied because of who they are and feel unsafe at night.’’

The Writing Themselves in 4 report, released by La Trobe University in early 2021, engaged 6418 LGBTQA+ young people aged 14 to 21 years in Australia – the largest national survey of its kind to date.

The survey found that nationally, one in four (23.6 per cent) of participants had experienced one or more forms of homelessness in their lifetime, and more than a quarter (26.0%) of participants felt that this experience was related to being LGBTIQA+. This was most common among trans men (45.2%) and trans women (37.9%).

Close to one in five participants reported that they had become homeless after running away from home or the place they live (17.4%) or being asked to leave home (10.5%).

“We have clients who desperately want to leave home like Sasha did, because they are not accepted for who they are, but they fear what will happen if they do leave and then cannot secure stable housing.

“There is a fear of things being worse if they leave, and then try to return again if there are no options for them.’’

Victoria said the whole community had a part to play to bridge the gap in supporting trans and gender-diverse young people.

“Innovation from the ground up is needed’’ she said.

“If we all value young people being safe, connected to community and supported, we will find the services that are out there to help them get their needs met in a client-centred way.’’

*Not his real name

In Australia, more than 116,000 people experience homelessness on any given night. Homelessness Week aims to raise awareness of the impact of homelessness, the importance of housing as a solution, and how communities can make a difference. This year’s theme is `To end homelessness we need a plan.’ For more information visit Homelessness Australia.

Breathing Space

The Power to End Violence Against Women (PTEVAW) program is having a ripple effect at Blackwood High where students have helped the primary prevention initiative to a historic milestone.

At its 140th school visit, PTEVAW yesterday reached its 10,000th student, six years after the program was launched in South Australia to encourage whole-of-community change.

Nationally recognised, PTEVAW uses the power of sport as a hook to start conversations with Year 10 male students about domestic violence and challenge gender-based norms that can lead to abuse.

Centacare, Power Community Limited (PCL) and the Department of Education launched PTEVAW in 2016.

Blackwood High was among the first schools to engage the program, and in recent years it has introduced peer-to-peer learning to continue conversations about respect and gender equality.

Students in Years 11 and 12 help deliver PTEVAW at the school, alongside PCL program coordinator and Magpies captain Cam Sutcliffe.

Year 12 student Jay said that since undertaking PTEVAW two years ago, he had stepped in to call out inappropriate behaviour amongst his peers. Yesterday he co-facilitated the program with fellow school leaders Darcy and James.

Darcy said the trio took their role as advocates for change seriously and encouraged younger students to follow their lead and role model respectful relationships in all aspects of life.

After undertaking PTEVAW for the first time, Year 10 students Lachlan and Kobe said they had a better understanding of gendered drivers of abuse and in future would not hesitate to call out disrespectful behaviours such as sexist jokes.

A 2018 evaluation of PTEVAW by Flinders University found messages about respectful relationships stick with male secondary school students beyond the classroom.

“What is quite powerful is the way the program challenges students to look at certain behaviours, such as street harassment or belittling and gendered language, and how this manifests in a mentality that contributes to a normalised continuum of disrespect and inequity,’’ said Dr Jonathon Louth, who co-wrote the evaluation and now heads up strategy and research at Centacare.

“While we are not in a position to measure the extent to which the retention of key messages transitions into behaviour change over the long-term, the study reveals that there is an increase in awareness and there are early indicators of positive outcomes.

“As it stands, the program is vital for starting conversations and speaking across generations.’’

Power Community Limited General Manager Jake Battifuoco said he had observed significant shifts in the behaviours of young people over time.

“I think that is more broadly demonstrating the significance of a whole-of-community approach to promoting gender equality,’’ he said.

“We know how important primary prevention programs are so that we can have the conversations early and stop violence before it starts.’’

Centacare Director Pauline Connelly said reaching 10,000 students was significant.

“Imagine the ripple effect of that through families, through friends, through communities,’’ she said.

“We see firsthand the effects of domestic violence, and abuse, and power imbalance in families through clients at Centacare.

“We know that relationships, and how to have a relationship, and how to be in a relationship is influenced by the significant others around you.

“So to have programs like this where young people are given another choice, and information about what a healthy relationship can look like, and from that discern how they want to be as a person, it’s remarkable as much as it is essential.’’

*If you would like the Power to End Violence Against Women program visit your school, please contact Community Programs Coordinator Cam Sutcliffe csutcliffe@pafc.com.au

Susie Smith flinches at the thought of all the women and children with nothing but a car roof over their heads at night.

After 25 years working in regional domestic violence services, she knows how precarious sleeping in a vehicle can be.

The high visibility, the health and hygiene risks, the fact locked car doors and windows are all that separates a perpetrator from their victim.

“It’s incredibly difficult for professionals to get rentals in Mount Gambier, let alone our cohort at the bottom of the pile, so there are a lot of women living in cars with children,’’ said Susie, Manager of Centacare’s South-East based Southern Country Domestic Violence Service.

“They might not necessarily all be domestic violence victims, but they are all victims of the system. It’s a highly dangerous and unsatisfactory situation to be in.’’

The all too common sight of bedding spread across folded-down back seats is putting the escalating homelessness crisis in glaring view of communities everywhere.

Susie said it highlighted the growing shortage of public housing which was keeping women in crisis accommodation for longer at the expense of those at imminent risk.

“Successive governments have sold off public housing right across the state, Mount Gambier is a case in point; the few properties left only go to the very high end of complexity, so our clients are competing with other cohorts across homelessness, mental health and substance misuse,’’ she said.

“That means women are stuck in crisis accommodation for far longer than they should be.

“The domestic violence has passed, the intervention order is in place, he’s disappeared, and she is ready to move on – but she can’t because there is nowhere to go.

“That blocks up the crisis end because we can’t keep moving women through the continuum of emergency, crisis, and transitional accommodation to a safe exit point, so our specialist domestic violence services essentially become homelessness supports.’’

Susie pointed to the Domestic and Family Violence Crisis Accommodation (DFVCA) Pilot which created extra beds across regional South Australia in early 2020 to divert at-risk women and children away from motels into short-term safety.

“Thirty-day stays in DFVCA properties have blown out to many months,’’ she said.

“In 25 years, I’ve never seen it this bad.’’

A groundbreaking report released by Anne Summers last month sets out the financial challenges women face when leaving abusive relationships which leaves them with an impossible choice between violence and poverty.

In Homelessness Week, Susie urged women living in unsafe situations to reach out to specialist services which continue to work tirelessly across the state to find solutions.

“We will do our absolute best for you,’’ Susie said.

“Whilst we can’t promise a house, we can work with you to support you and your children with material goods, and potentially explore options you may not have thought about, and certainly put some safety plans in place because it’s a very risky and unsafe situation to be living in a car.’’

* In Australia, more than 116,000 people experience homelessness on any given night. Homelessness Week (1-7 August) aims to raise awareness of the impact of homelessness, the importance of housing as a solution, and how communities can make a difference. This year’s theme is: To end homelessness we need a plan. For more information visit Homelessness Australia.

Retirement villages are the new frontline of youth homelessness as desperate teens turn to their grandparents for shelter.

For the first time, Centacare is seeing adolescents who are couch-surfing with elderly relatives present to the Outer North Youth Homelessness Service (ONYHS) at Elizabeth for support.

Adolescent Specialist Case Manager Victoria Markovic said the situation was heartbreaking, with elderly people putting their own housing and health at risk to keep their grandchildren off the street.

“It’s a unique situation, and one we haven’t seen before,’’ she said.

“You hear about young people living with nan and pop but it’s not usually in a retirement village.’’

Victoria is currently supporting one young man who has been couch surfing at his grandfather’s retirement village in recent months. The 16-year-old has a disability and complex mental health challenges.

“You can see the grandpa’s genuine stress because he’s exhausted,’’ Victoria said.

“He is doing the best he can for his grandson, but he needs respite.’’

Victoria said family breakdown was among the most common presenting factors for the 250 young people currently engaged with ONYHS.

The service provides case management, early intervention, outreach, post-crisis and wait-list support to young people aged 15-25 years who are homeless or at risk of homelessness.

In 2021-2022, ONYHS supported 423 clients. Of those, 204 were homeless at intake.   

“Maybe all other avenues with family have been exhausted and the only ones left are nan and pop who have a couch they can use,’’ Victoria said.

“But then they are getting told by the retirement village that the young person can’t stay with them long-term. The grandparents are well aware of that, but they don’t want the young person on the street.

“If they were in their own home, they might be able to make it work, but it can be really difficult to juggle their own health and daily challenges with the demands of caring for a teenager, especially if the young person has a history of complex trauma.’’

Victoria, who currently has a case load of 25 young people, said youth homelessness was the worst she had seen since joining the sector in 2015. Less than half of the clients engaged with ONYHS are in supported or transitional accommodation.

Victoria said it was becoming increasingly difficult to find solutions amid the rental availability and housing affordability crisis.

“Staying on your nan and pop’s couch in a retirement village is not a long-term option,’’ she said

“This is where we are just crisis managing constantly, trying to support people with doing what they can with what they have but it’s not an ideal outcome because there are very, very limited options and everyone’s circumstances are different.

“It is stressful, there’s no other way to put it. When the young person talks to you or they bring family in, you can see the tears in their eyes because they feel so exhausted and broken.

“Sometimes they’ve gone from one service to the other over months or even years.

“They end up feeling like they have gone to so much effort for no outcome, or the outcome wasn’t what they were hoping for, which is usually their own house.’’

Nationally, one in seven people presenting to homelessness services are young people on their own.

* In Australia, more than 116,000 people experience homelessness on any given night. Homelessness Week (1-7 August) aims to raise awareness of the impact of homelessness, the importance of housing as a solution, and how communities can make a difference. This year’s theme is: To end homelessness we need a plan. For more information visit Homelessness Australia.

Artist Damien Shen works on his portrait of Archie Roach.
Centacare is deeply saddened to learn of the passing of Archie Roach – singer-songwriter, revered Australian music legend and campaigner for Aboriginal rights. We were privileged to know Archie and connect with him through our support of the Ruby Hunter Foundation and NO:RI Music Festival. In 2016, we purchased a portrait of Archie by Ngarrindjeri artist Damien Shen which proudly hangs in our reception. Rest easy, Archie. Thank you for all you taught us and for being a powerful voice for the Stolen Generations.

Celebrated Ngarrindjeri artist Damien Shen had long aspired to work with Archie Roach.

The chance came in 2016 when he was approached by Reconciliation South Australia to draw the revered Aboriginal singer-songwriter.

Shen saw it as a unique opportunity to honour Archie and his generation of Aboriginal Elders.

The portrait was presented for silent auction at the Reconciliation Week Breakfast in February that year to support the reparation of the Stolen Generations.

“The day before the breakfast, I went to meet Archie,” Shen said at the time.

“We went into the theatre area and he signed the drawing. I remember the look of appreciation on his face. He’s just an incredibly humble man.

“It was a great experience to be able to work with him, firstly from a distance, and then to get together and meet with him.”

Former Centacare Director Dale West purchased the emotive work which soon after was officially installed in Centacare’s Wakefield St reception.

“The portrait is about honouring a man who’s had an incredible career as a musician and is a role model to the Aboriginal community,” said Shen, the 2014 NAIDOC South Australian Artist of the Year.

“We are on the cusp of losing a particular generation of Elders so this was an opportunity to engage with Archie and to learn, and we must never take these opportunities for granted.

“Embrace Aboriginal people, embrace our history and be proud of it,” says the 2014 NAIDOC South Australian Artist of the Year.

One of its most influential voices will lead the Power to End Violence Against Women program to a historic milestone tomorrow.

Port Adelaide captain Tom Jonas will stand tall with the Australian-first AFL primary prevention initiative when it marks 140 school visits and 10,000 students on its August 3 stop at Blackwood High.

A Power to End Violence Against Women (PTEVAW) ambassador from day one, Jonas will join program coordinator and Magpies captain Cam Sutcliffe in encouraging Year 10 boys to model respectful relationships and challenge gender-based norms that can lead to abuse.

PTEVAW was developed in 2016 by Power Community Limited, major partner Centacare Catholic Family Services, and the Department for Education in a push to influence future generations and tackle the prevalence of domestic and family violence.

On average, one woman a week dies in Australia at the hands of their current or former partner. Research shows one in three women has experienced physical violence and one in five women has experienced sexual violence since the age of 15.

Recognised nationally, PTEVAW starts conversations with male students around drivers of abuse to help them make informed decisions and become advocates for change – at school, home, and in their wider community.

Students explore rights and responsibilities in relationships, personal values, how to recognise disrespectful behaviour, and being a positive bystander. They further their learning at an annual leadership day and role model event.

Blackwood High has been a long-time participant in the program and has introduced peer-to-peer learning, where Year 11 students co-facilitate PTEVAW with their Year 10 counterparts as part of a push towards whole-of-school change.

“The Port Adelaide Football Club is incredibly proud to engage its 10,000th student, in partnership with Centacare Catholic Family Services and the Government of South Australia,’’ Power Community Limited General Manager Jake Battifuoco said.

“Together we have influenced change through conversations and empowerment, and although we have reached this milestone, we know we have a long way to go and remain committed to the cause.’’

A 2018 Flinders University evaluation of PTEVAW, which recommended involving women and girls in raising awareness of gender-based violence, spawned spin-off program Empowered in 2020.

Delivered alongside PTEVAW, Empowered aims to enhance participants’ positive sense of self and foster critical thinking about gender equity and women’s rights. In 2021-2022, the programs engaged 3,059 students at 27 schools.

“The 10,000 student milestone is the realisation of an idea that initially brought two completely different organisations together with a common goal – preventing domestic violence by seeking to influence the value base and thinking of young people at the earliest stage,” Centacare Director Pauline Connelly said.

Thirty-one AFL listed players, and six Port Adelaide past players, have been involved with PTEVAW since inception. Late club great Russell Ebert was recognised for his work around respectful relationships with the program in 2020 when he was named SA Local Hero in the SA Australian of the Year Awards.

“By virtue of its connection to the Port Adelaide Football Club, the program is able to speak to a wider audience beyond the classroom,” Pauline said.

“For the students, having a kick at follow-up events with their idols like Tom Jonas cements the experience and its message which can act as a cut through to disrupt unhealthy biases.’’

Primary prevention is a key focus of the National Plan Stakeholder Consultation Report released this month by the Australian Government as it finalises the new National Plan to End Violence against Women and Children 2022-2032.

Stakeholders want to see an increased focus on changing the social conditions that support gender-based violence and highlight the role of education and whole-of-community responses as an important early intervention.

New research by Australia’s National Research Organisation for Women’s Safety (ANROWS) emphasises the importance of centring young people’s voices in efforts to end violence against women and children.

“A long-term commitment to preventative education is urgently needed, as research suggests many young people are already learning abusive behaviours as a way of being in a relationship before even beginning one of their own,” Pauline said.

Our low-cost pop-up supermarket is back at Wandana Community Centre next week.

Re-stock your pantry on Wednesday, 20 July from 11am to 1pm at 14 Blacks Rd, Gilles Plains.

Think fresh fruit, vegetables, herbs, bread and other staples.

The initiative is a joint venture between Wandana and Gepps Cross-based The Food Centre which is committed to assisting people and families on low incomes or who are experiencing financial challenges.

Don’t forget to bring your own shopping bags. EFTPOS available.

For more information, phone Wandana on 8215 6330.

The giant storm unleashed by two Jangala men, who sang the rain in the Central Desert, is among a collection of Dreaming stories stitched together in quilts for Aboriginal children in care.

Crafted by Orange Tree Quilters using Indigenous prints, the special keepsakes were gifted to Centacare Foster Care on the eve of NAIDOC Week.

Fourteen dreamtime stories are depicted in the quilts, which aim to nurture cultural connection and identity in children placed with non-Aboriginal homes on their foster care journey.

In the water Dreaming, the storm travelled east to west with a pamapardu (flying ant) before a gecko called Yumariyumari blew the rain onwards to Ngamangama, where the storm built hills and stuck long, pointy clouds – seen today as rock formations – into the ground.

“Each quilt tells a story,’’ Centacare Foster Care Manager Amalie Mannik said.

“We collated these into a bedtime booklet to gift to the children so they can get to know the beliefs and mythology represented in the fabrics of their quilt.

“Even if the children are reunified with family, the quilts go with them, so they become an important reminder of Country, culture, and ancestry.’’

Nearly 40 per cent of the children engaged with Centacare Foster Care identify as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander.

“This is a huge over-representation which is why we make connection to culture a priority,’’ Amalie said.

In the lead-up to NAIDOC Week, Centacare Foster Care hosted a weekend celebration for families while regular cultural connection mornings further carer learnings and help strengthen children’s identities.

A City of West Torrens grant funded the purchase of the fabric, designed by Warlukurlangu artists.

“This is the second year Orange Tree Quilters have collaborated with us on this project and we are so grateful for their generosity and skill in creating such beautiful keepsakes for the children in our program,’’ Amalie said.

*This year, NAIDOC Week (3-10 July) calls on all of us to keep pushing for systemic change under the theme Get up! Stand Up! Show Up! as we continue to rally around our mob, our Elders, and our communities.

Gemma Houghton was just six when Cathy Freeman triumphantly wrapped herself in the Aboriginal flag moments after her golden run at the Sydney Olympics.

Twenty-two years later, Freeman’s famous 400 metres victory continues to inspire the Port Adelaide Football club star forward, who is among a new generation of athletes elevating women in sport.

“Cathy Freeman taught me at a young age that anything is possible, and that if I put my mind to something, there’s nothing holding me back,’’ Houghton said at a Power to End Violence Against Women (PTEVAW) leadership event last week.

“Even as I changed codes from basketball to footy, Cathy was the person I looked up to who always made me believe in myself. She showed girls there is no limit to what they can achieve.

“Mum reinforced that belief. She raised four kids on her own and taught all of us what it means to work hard, be resilient, and dream big.’’

A proud Yindjibarndi woman and foundation AFLW player, Houghton is determined to instil the same self-belief in young people through her on and off-field roles at Port Adelaide.

Ahead of the club’s AFLW debut next month, Houghton has begun working with its community arm – Power Community Limited (PCL) – which delivers the PTEVAW and Empowered programs, in partnership with Centacare and the Department of Education.

Houghton said it was a privilege to play a role in opening young minds through the primary prevention programs, which engage secondary school students around gender equity and respectful relationships.

Launched in 2016, PTEVAW works with Year 10 boys to widen awareness of the root causes of domestic violence, and how to recognise abusive behaviours, while Empowered engages female students to broaden their understanding of women’s rights.

“The opportunity to be involved with PCL is huge for me,’’ said Houghton, who arrived at Port Adelaide after six seasons at Fremantle, where she twice earned All-Australian selection.

“Growing up, we didn’t have any programs like this. Had I been aware of certain situations, and what not when I was younger, I could have saved myself some relationships that probably weren’t best for me at the time.

“It’s important to understand your worth and know you can say no to something you don’t stand for.’’

Held at The Precinct at Alberton, the leadership event brought together 50 male and female students from across South Australia, to further their learning about gendered abuse, values, and how to be a positive bystander.

During a panel discussion with former Port Adelaide great and AFLW coach Hamish Hartlett, and current men’s defensive development coach Tyson Goldsack, Houghton encouraged students to play their part in challenging attitudes and beliefs that disempower women and girls.

“Cathy Freeman still inspires me today,’’ said Houghton. “Watching what she achieved helped me understand the impact you can have on someone’s life by being a positive role model.’’

Inspired by Cathy Freeman, Gemma Houghton is influencing a new generation of female athletes.
Picture: Matt Sampson

Regional communities have outlined how they hope to tackle domestic and family violence as they commit to a safer future for women and children.

Key prevention priorities are highlighted in whole-of-community action plans being drawn up for the Whyalla, Murraylands, Limestone Coast and Riverland as part of a regional response project run by Centacare.

This project is funded by the Department of Human Services and is being evaluated with ongoing input by the Centre for Social Impact, Flinders University.

Launched late last year, the project has been extended to December 31 and aims to support each community to put in place practical, evidence-based measures to tackle the root causes of violence against women and girls.

Collaborative actions include inviting men to step up as role models and challenge gender norms and values that enable abusive behaviours; engaging young people through respectful relationships education; and identifying employment pathways towards financial independence for rural women.

The action plans are being co-designed through community forums, consultation with key stakeholders, and a range of other assertive engagement strategies led by Centacare..

A survey deployed across the four regions confirmed that tackling domestic and family violence is a regional priority, and that communities favour an integrated approach to address gender inequality and attitudes and norms which can drive abusive behaviours.

“Violence and abuse is preventable, but there are no quick fixes and changing the narrative will take time,’’ Project Manager Megan Hughes said.

“Communities are saying they want to act now so they can stop the flow of women and children moving into crisis responses.”

Megan said a key part of the project had been assessing the effectiveness of current community initiatives that challenge the root causes of violence against women.

“There is a lot of good work underway in regional South Australia. We want to harness that through the action plans to give each community a clear prevention pathway for the future built around a shared vision and agenda,’’ she said.

 “We want community leaders and key organisations to invest in these actions long into the future.

“This is about creating the conditions where violence and abuse is not tolerated or normalised in community.

“We need to work together to change attitudes and stop the abuse before it begins. That means challenging the entrenched beliefs that can lead to disrespectful behaviours.’’

Research shows rates of domestic and family violence are higher in regional, rural, and remote areas where unique factors exacerbate risk and the ability and willingness to seek help.

Fear of stigma, shame, community gossip, and the lack of privacy and perpetrator accountability can all deter individuals from accessing specialist support.

“Collective impact is about inviting the community to join this campaign in their own region and participate in the change we want to see,’’ Megan said.

“Everyone has a role to play, whether that is learning how to be a good neighbour, work mate or citizen, or just changing the narrative in daily conversations.

“It doesn’t matter if you’re male, female, or identify as gender-diverse – we want people who need support to know that they will be understood, listened to, and will get the help they need to live a life free of fear in a safe and equal community.’’

Jonathon Louth, Executive Manager – Strategy, Research and Evaluation, said the action plans were the first steps of a wider vision to mobilise communities from the grassroots up to enact change through meaningful prevention-focussed initiatives relevant to their region.

“Our aim is to create a road map for each region to commit to real and measurable change through whole-of-community organising,’’ Dr Louth said.

“That’s the point of difference: stakeholders, big and small, working together to activate practical measures identified in the action plans to tackle the root causes of violence against women and girls.’’

Centacare

Meeting the Challenge

Centacare Catholic Family Services is a Catholic welfare organisation delivering a range of services across the Catholic Archdiocese of Adelaide.

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